Stroke sufferers can have difficulty swallowing which leads to malnutrition and decreased immunity. So, what is the solution to this problem?
Stroke is a disease of blood vessel disorders in the brain, either in the form of rupture of blood vessels of the brain (stroke bleeding) or the presence of blockage of blood vessels (stroke not bleeding).
Both conditions will cause disruption to brain tissue, which is the coordination center. In the event of brain damage, one of the disorders experienced is paralysis.
Paralysis is not limited to the limbs alone, but can also occur in the mouth and throat muscles. The condition causes stroke sufferers will experience swallowing disorders or dysphagia.
Swallowing disorders are one of the causes of the emergence of nutritional problems in stroke patients.
A study data shows that nearly half of all stroke sufferers experience malnutrition, dehydration, and also decreased immunity.
This condition will certainly be a problem for stroke patients. What’s the reason?
Malnutrition, Immunity Of Stroke Patients Threatened?
Meeting nutritional needs in stroke patients is very important. A person who has had a stroke is at great risk of having an attack a second time.
Therefore, it takes a special diet to reduce the risk of developing subsequent attacks, such as a diet low in salt and low in saturated fat.
In addition, malnutrition that occurs in stroke patients due to dysphagia will cause a decrease in the immune system.
The condition makes them more at risk of various bacterial or viral infections.
That is why, it is very important for those of you who have a family member with a history of stroke to pay more attention to nutritional problems, especially if they have dysphagia.
Overcome with Nutrition Supporting Immunity stroke patients
Various ways can be done to prevent the occurrence of nutritional adequacy problems in stroke patients. One of them is undergoing medical rehabilitation through various swallowing therapies.
This therapy usually lasts for several weeks to months depending on the severity of the swallowing disorder.
If stroke sufferers are really difficult to swallow, sometimes they will be paired feeding tube (food channel) to help put food into the digestive tract.
It is also to prevent the occurrence of food aspiration, namely the condition of food entering the respiratory tract.
In addition to these methods, dietary modification is the main component to overcome stroke patients who have eating disorders due to dysphagia.
Eating foods with a soft or liquid texture, such as porridge, is highly recommended for people who have difficulty swallowing.
Well, one type of liquid food that you can give to families who have swallowing disorders due to stroke is Peptibren.
Peptibren is more than milk because it is specially designed to be able to meet the daily nutritional needs that are lactose-free and cholesterol-free.
Food for special medical purposes is also very rich in proteins and various vitamins; such as vitamins A, B, C are good for nerve health and immunity.